Brief Description of Doctoral Program in Physics in UGM
RESEARCH AT PHYSICS DOCTORAL DEGREE STUDY PROGRAM IN UGM:
The Doctoral Program in Physics was established with the aim to produce doctoral degree graduates in the field of Physics who possess integrity and dedication towards the development of physics, both fundamental physics and applied physics, working both theoretically and experimentally / observationally. This is reflected in the research themes undertaken by the teaching staffs which are categorized into four Fields of Expertise Groups (KBK) in the Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences UGM as follows:
Researches at KBK Theoritic and Computational Physics (Coordinator; Dr Dwi Satya Palupi):
- The study of complex systems, various objects’ system, and strongly correlated systems using numerical computational high-end computing (finite difference, finite element, density matrix renormalization group / DMRG) and stochastics (Monte-Carlo method), including the potential to develop algorithms or quantum computing protocols. Physical systems are examined, ranging from complex atomic systems to condensed matter. (Pekik Nurwantoro, M.S., Ph.D, Dr. Arief Hermanto)
- General relativity and special relativity, Philosophy of Physics (Dr.Arief Hemanto,S.U., M.Sc)
- Mathematical Physics (Dr.rer.nat. Muhammad Farchani Rosyid):
- Applying the fundamental principles of physics to understand natural phenomena:
Mathematical formulation of basic principles to understand the behavior of natural phenomena and to design and plan natural phenomena (e.g. applying differential geometry and stochastic processes to understand bio locomotion such as the motion of fish, snake boards, tip top, yarn spinning process, etc.)
- Development or generalization of mathematical formulations that presents natural phenomena including:
Development of mathematical foundations for quantum mechanics (e.g. advanced mathematical formulations for quantum mechanics and quantum field theory). Direct method in the calculus of variations and its applications in various fields of physics (e.g. the search for a minimizer of a direct functional method and its application in crystal and quantum dot physics). Developing a formulation of relativistic stochastic processes in curved spacetime (for example: general relativistic diffusion processes and their application in cosmology and astrophysics)
- Geometric simplicity study on teleparallel gravitational fields and graviton electromagnetism and their quantification through geometric amplification and deformation quantification.
- Study the effects of taking exotic differential structures on the formulation of physical theories (e.g. in stochastic processes on topological space and on the formulation of spacetime).
- Study the use of basic principles in physics to solve problems in economics (Dr. Dwi Satya Palupi)
- Financial market studies with stochastic processes and quantum mechanics
- Wealth distribution with non-extensive mechanics
- The Standard Model and its problems and development (Mirza Satriawan, PhD):
- Searching for a good and consistent particle physics and cosmology models which can explain aspects of particle physics that reach beyond the boundaries of standard models: neutrinos mass, dark energy, dark matter, baryon-anti-baryon asymmetry, inflation, etc.
- Neutrino Physics: examined see-saw models for neutrino masses, neutrino mass matrix models, extended standard models in order to accommodate neutrino masses
- Mirror symmetry models in particle physics: left-right symmetry models as an extension to the standard model, a modified mirror model coupled with various possible models as a model for dark matter, research on mirror symmetry models in particle physics will be developed, specifically related to dark matter.
- Sociophysics, nonlinear physics, opinion dynamics (Dr.Eng.Rinto Anugraha NQZ,S.Si .,M.Si)
- Electronic structure computation on 2D emergent materials, Design and synthesis of 2D emergent materials, Spectroscopy (Dr. Iman Santoso,M.Sc):
- Computation of electronic structures on 2D emergent materials such as graphene, transition metal dicalogenogen (TMD), cuprates, oxide electronics, and strongly correlated electron materials using the Tight Binding Time Propagation Method.
- Spectroscopy studies using ARPES (Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy) and Optical Spectroscopy (Ellipsometry, Transmittance, Photoluminescence, Raman) to understand the electronic structure of emergent / novel materials and their applications in the field of energy (Organic Solar Cells, Supercapacitors, Thermoelectric, Superconductors) and sensors.
- Design and synthesis of 2D emergent materials for organic optoelectronics and sensors using various methods such as CVD (chemical vapor deposition), vacuum evaporation and wet-chemistry.
- Experimental and computational nonlinear physics (Dr. Eng Fahrudin Nugroho, S.Si.,M.Si):
- Modified gravity model on Planck energy scale that interacts non-minimally with matter (Romy Hanang Setya budhi,S.Si.,M.Sc.,Ph.D):
- To discover the universe’s inflation model in its birth stage that could explain the observation of microwave background radiation
- Developing an inflation model that has been obtained to be able to explain another BSM. Scenarios that have been thought of includes adapting the model obtained into the radiative neutrino mass model which explains many BSM phenomena quite well.
- The universe’s inflation phase model based on the modified F (R) -gravity theory and on the non-minimal interactions between the gravitational and material sectors, including the potential to explain the relationship between the two approaches as well as its potential to explain other beyond standard model phenomena such as: dark energy, dark matter, and neutrinos mass.
- Medical Physics, collaboration with Prof. Dr. Agung Bambang Setyo Utomo. (Dr.Yosef Robertus Utomo,S.U)
- Defective materials computation and molecular dynamics simulation (Sholihun, S.Si., M.Sc., Ph.D):
- Structural, electronic, and phonon properties of defective materials: the density-functional-theory simulation. (2D: graphene. Silicene, germanene, hBN, 2D-SiC etc. 3D: Diamond and diamond-like materials: diamond, SiC, alpha-thin, germanium, etc). Collaboration with Mr. Pekik, Dr. Iman Santoso, and Dr. A. Ulil Absor
- Molecular dynamics simulation of Cytochrome-C (hemeprotein associated with the inner membrane of the mitochondrion). collaboration with Dr. Ari Dwi Nugraheni
- The structure of matter in neutron stars using liquid drip model (Dra.Eko Tri Sulistyani.M.Sc.)
- Radio astronomy: an interstellar medium (Elida Layla Istiqomah, M.Sc.)
Research Collaboration Collaboration with BATAN to support researches of researchers in BATAN
- Compact Neutron Generator design to support Mo production research that is conducted with colleagues at BATAN.
- Collimator design to support BNCT research
Members of Theoretical and Computational Physics KBK:
- Pekik Nurwantoro
- Arief Hermanto
- rer. nat. Muhammad Farchani Rosyid
- Dwi Satya Palupi
- Mirza Satriawan
- Eng.Rinto Anugraha NQZ,S.Si .,M.Si
- Iman Santoso,M.Sc
- Eng Fahrudin Nugroho, S.Si.,M.Si
- Romy Hanang Setya budhi,S.Si.,M.Sc.,Ph.D
- Yosef Robertus Utomo,S.U
- Eko Tri Sulistyani.M.Sc
- Elida Layla Istiqomah, M.Sc
Researches at Applied Physics KBK (Coordinator : Dr. Gede Bayu Suparta):
Research offered by Applied Physics KBK mainly covers the application of Photonics (Image and Spectrometry Physics) in the fields of material analysis, nondestructive testing, medical diagnosis, product quality control, rapid inspection on critical systems, field measurements, tele-inspection / tele radiology, safety, and security. The purpose of the applications may include a variety of specific themes such as health and pharmaceutical drugs, defense and security, food safety, environmental science, energy and minerals, maritime affairs, transportation and logistics, and component industries:
- The process of imaging and spectroscopy using electromagnetic waves such as x-ray, visible light (UV-Vis), laser, sonic and ultrasonic. The techniques developed include 2D, 3D and 4D imaging, with focus on system development, performance testing, measurement that are in accordance to the actual environmental conditions, calibration and validation of the measurement results. Image Physics which includes Digital Radiography for medicine, industry and material analysis.
- Computed Tomography for industrial applications and material analysis.
- Imaging system for various non-destructive testing and medical diagnostic purposes, including 3D / 4D imaging.
- Laser photoacoustic for food, post-harvest, and medicine.
- Photoacoustic tomography for early diagnosis in the field of medicine and food quality test.
- Optical Coherence Tomography for structure imaging under the surface of thin films or undamaged testing of a coating (medical and industrial fields).
- Instrumentation, control, programing and data logger systems to support the development of the aforementioned analysis and diagnostic tools.
Members of Applied Physics KBK:
- Gede Bayu Suparta (ID scopus: 7801438473, ID googlecholar: VojcJKsAAAAJ, SINTA ID: 5985600) (Coordinator)
- Dr. Agung Bambang Setio Utomo
- Dr. Karyono
- M.Ali Joko Wasono
- Mitrayana (ID Scopus: 56033380400, ID Scholar: BBj_2TwAAAAJ)
- Waskito Nugroho
- Ikhsan Setiawan, M.Si.
- Wagini, M.S.
- Sunarto, M.S.
- Bambang Murdoko Eka Jati, M.S.
Researches at Functional Material Physics KBK (Coordinator: Dr. Kuwat Triyana):
- Development of novel-functional materials including metamaterial based on functional computational covering:
- Development of novel material that can produce a long spin lifetime through computational design and calculation based on density-functional theory (DFT). What has been developed is a two-dimensional material system (2D) such as the transition metal dichalcogenide groups (TMDs), while what is being developed is a 2D ferroelectric materials system which an aim to utilize the ferroelectricity properties for controlled spintronics systems, especially through the utilization of external electric fields.
- The development of novel materials by implementing spintronic systems that have been developed in spintronics devices such as spin-field effect transistors and spin filters will be the priority of further research.
- Development of metamaterials through computational design and calculation. Potential applications of metamaterials are numerous such as optical filters, sensors and antennas.
- The theoretical and experimental surface physics and nanostructures of materials as well as functional based computation, which include:
- Studying the development of nanoparticles and thin films which were then applied as active sensors based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomena. Experimental and computational studies that are currently and will be carried out include nanoparticle synthesis and its characteristics, optical properties of nanoparticles / nanocomposites and thin films, detection of biomaterials with SPR-based sensors and the effect nanoparticles / nanocomposites usage on their sensitivity, and the study of magneto-optical phenomena SPR (MO -SPR).
- The theoretical study covers the quantum model of the SPR phenomenon and the effect of nanoparticles and nanocomposites sizes on their optical properties. Among the studies on the development of SPR-based sensors, we developed this technique to be applied in several fields, namely medicine (detection of enzymes and DNA), food (detection of hazardous and unclean substances in food), agriculture (detection of plants DNA and monitoring of algal growth) and environmental science (ammonia gas detection).
- Study of Dynamics of Liquid Crystals Aligned using Nano and Microfiber Nematic liquid crystal (NLC) is a stable phase of matter and physically is a liquid that possesses anisotropic properties due to its molecules (shaped like rod). The director of nematic liquid crystals can easily be aligned by alignment layers. Here, we used electrospinning nano and micro fibers to provide strong anchoring of the NLC director. We research on the physical properties of the convective system and observe the non-linear phenomena such as electroconvection patterns. We also study thermal and optical properties of microfiber liquid crystal polymers.
- Study of Indonesian Natural Bioceramic Materials based Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering.
Bone is a natural composite consisting of tissues that are capable of regeneration. Damage to bone tissue can be resolved by implantation of prosthetic implant materials such as bioceramics. Bioceramic materials such as hydroxyapatite (HAp) or carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHAp) can be synthesized from biogenic materials containing large amounts of calcium carbonate by combining the sources of calcium and phosphate. We fabricate and research bioceramic scaffolds containing biogenic materials found in Indonesia for bone tissue engineering.
- Development of 2-D materials, nanoparticles, nanowire and nanofibers based on their functionalities which include:
- Synthesis of 2-D graphene and functional materials, Ag nanoparticles for anti-bacterial applications, TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic, carbon-dot (C-dot) for solar cells, supercapacitors and batteries.
- Synthesis of nanowire Ag and Cu which functions as transparent electrodes for solar cells and other optoelectronic devices such as touch screens and sensor systems.
- Nanofiber synthesis uses several methods such as interfacial and electrospinning. Functionally, nanofiber can be used for the development of air and liquid filters (including hemodialysis filters), photocatalysts, wound dressing, antibacterial materials, drug delivery and solar cells.
- For sensor development, the types of sensors developed include various sensors that ranges from gas sensors to biosensors, based on resistive and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). The method of making sensor thin layers is done through several methods including self-assembled monolayer (SAM). To improve sensor selectivity, in addition to choosing the type of material used, molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) method is also used.
- The development of the sensor system and its functions that include:
- Development of analytical instruments based on gas sensor arrays as electronic nose (e-nose) which includes sensor composition and artificial intelligence to be applied in field of agriculture (Ganoderma detection, authentication and quality testing of agriculture products), the field of medicine and food (herbal standardization, halal detection and narcotics), medical field (detection of tuberculosis, infections, respiratory problems, and
- Development of analytic instruments based on potentiometric selective membrane ion array of sensors as electronic tongue (e-tongue) which includes sensor composition and artificial intelligence for water quality testing including zam-zam water, the field of medicine and food (herbal standardization, halal detection and narcotics), medical field (diagnostic using patient’s urine samples, diagnostic of infection type using MxA protein detection techniques, detection of SMN proteins as biomarkers of the paralysis case caused by Spinal Muscular Atrophy).
- Development of biodegradable materials from polymeric materials which include:
- Production of thin films by drop casting method to determine the mechanical and optical properties
- Developing natural ingredients and extracting cellulose from wastes for food packaging
- Development of gas and optical sensors: Dr. Hutomo Suryo Wasisto M. Eng. (Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), Institute of Semiconductor Technology (IHT), Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany)
- Development of potentiometric sensors based on ion selective membranes: Prof. Antonio Manuel Coelho Lino Preses (CIMO-Instituto Politecnico de Braganca, Portugal)
- Development of sensors with molecular printed polymer (MIP) technique: Prof. Kenshi Hayashi, Department of Electronics, Graduate School of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan
- Development and application of sensors and sensor systems: Mabes Polri Jakarta, Polda DIY, Rumah Sakit Dr. Sardjito, Pusat Riset Bioteknologi and Bioindustri Indonesia
- Research on spintronic: Professor Fumiyuki Ishii (Nanomaterial Research Institute (NANOMARI), Kanazawa Univ Japan), and Dr. Hiroki Kotaka (Kyoto Univ. Japan)
- Development of cellulose-based surgical threads from palm oil empty bunches: IPB, ITB, UNAIR
Research Facilities at the Department of Physics:
Research Facilities at the Department of Physics includes:
- Measurement system for resistive and QCM based sensors.
- Nanoparticle synthesis equipment.
- Nanowire synthesis equipment.
- Nanofiber fabrication (electrospinning).
- Electronic development system
- Electronic nose
- Electronic tongue
- 3D printer machine
- Biomaterial synthesis
- Thin film fabrication (spin coater, mini CVD, dip coater).
- Furnace (up to 1100o C)
- Polarizer microscope
- Spectrophotometer UV/Vis
- Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) measurement system (SPR homemade set up)
Laboratories Facilities within UGM: SEM, TEM, XRD, surface area analyzer, DSC, TGA, FTIR, Gas Chromatography, NMR
Laboratories Facilities outside of UGM:
- Access to ITO supercomputer machine facilities at Kyushu University Japan in collaboration with the Nanomaterial Research Institute (NANOMARI), Kanazawa Univ Japan.
- Access to high-performance computing system (HPC) and characterization equipment for materials, supercapacitors, and batteries at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
Members of Functional Materials Physics KBK:
- Kuwat Triyana (Scopus ID: 8597558700; Google Scholar ID: VQlD8Q8AAAAJ)
- Ahmad Kusumaatmaja (Scopus ID: 55696458300; Google Scholar ID : A4EGHvIAAAAJ)
- Iman Santoso (Scopus ID: 12781075300)
- Ari Dwi Nugraheni (Scopus ID: 55585996000; Google Scholar ID: 83N0FM8AAAAJ)
- Edi Suharyadi (Scopus ID: 9737294200; Google Scholar ID: Er28CDMAAAAJ)
- Muhammad Arifin (Google Scholar ID: HzV4yx4AAAAJ)
- Devy Pramudyah Wardani (Scopus ID: 56896081800; Google Scholar ID: n84lq3cAAAAJ)
- Ibnu Jihad (Google Scholar ID: CnblH-wAAAAJ)
- Harsojo (Google Scholar ID: CnblH-wAAAAJ)
Research in Geoscience KBK (Coordinator: Dr.rer.nat. Ade Anggraeni):
- Field of Instrumentation:
- Design of geomagnetic data acquisition instrument (Fluxgate onshore magnetometer and another which is loaded with UAV-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) Design of 3 channel seismic refraction acquisition instrument
- Design of a 24-channel seismic refraction data acquisition instrument
- Design of simple seismometer and real time network system
- Design of Airborne infrared mapping
- Design of geoelectric instruments
- Field of Seismology and Tectonics:
- Tectonic and volcanic interactions on the island of Java (collaboration with French IRD)
- Volcano earthquake Simulation (SPECFEM3D)
Structure of Earth’s crust in Indonesia based on Receiver Function and SPAC Regional (collaboration with IRIS USA)
- The Field of Applied Geophysics:
- Modeling of tectonic and volcanic structures using gravity, MT and magnetic data
- Lava dome monitoring using photogrammetric techniques (collaboration with GFZ Potsdam)
- The application of Legendre polynomials in equipotential calculation of the earth
- Utilization of cluster computation for seismic modeling, seismology, and fluid propagation in pores and fractures systems.
- Utilization of satellite gravitational data on geothermal exploration
- Development of ambient noise tomography methods on geothermal fields.
- Development of passive seismic methods in the field of hydrocarbon exploration
- Application of geophysical methods in the fields of archaeology, disaster mitigation, and environmental science.
- Volcanic eruption precursors (Permutation entropy, probability function)
- Early detection system for volcanic activity (RKI, 2019)
Research funding is supported by RISTEKDIKTI with various schemes, from Limited liability company itself, as well as collaborative research with domestic and foreign agencies as mentioned above. Some researches also involve doctoral students under the guidance of promoters and co-promoters.
Laboratory facilities that support research activities in the Geosciences KBK include:
- Geophysical field equipment:
- Resistivity meter
- 24-canal Seismograph
- Proton magnetometer
- Stratagem AMT
- Computers and shared workspaces
- Reference Room
Members of Geoscience KBK:
- Dr. Sismanto (scopus ID: 57199052755)
- Budi Eka Nurcahya
- Wiwit Suryanto (scopus ID: 55872506000)
- -Ing. Ari Setiawan, MSi
- Eddy Hartantyo (scopus ID: 56461309100)
- rer. nat. Mochamad Nukman (scopus ID: 55801362300)
- rer. nat. Ade Anggraini (scopus ID: 23481268200)
- rer. nat. Sintia Windhi Niasari (scopus ID: 57207845930)
- rer. nat. Herlan Darmawan ( scopus ID: 56635187300)
- Afif Rahman, MT
- Marwan Irnaka, MSc
- Adam Sukma Putra, MSi
FMIPA UGM S3-Physics Study Program is supported by four laboratories under the management of the Physics Department, namely the Atomic and Core Physics laboratory, Material and Instrumentation Physics Laboratory, Geophysics Laboratory, and Laboratories managed by UGM‘s Physics Department along with LPPT under the authority of the university.
CURRICULUM AND COURSES IN THE S3-PHYSICS STUDY PROGRAM
Students are obliged to take courses of at least 9 credits, which are determined based on the direction or topic of the dissertation research to be conducted. The subjects that must be taken are determined in the student selection meeting by asking for consideration of prospective promoters. The course is selected from the following list of subjects.
|Applied Physics||MFF 7430||3||Acoustics|
|MFF 7301||3||Laser spectroscopy|
|MFF 7302||3||Spectroscopic Instrumentation|
|MFF 7872||3||Tomography physics|
|MFF 7871||3||Medical Physics|
|MFF 7303||3||Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy, 3 credits, Sem I|
|MFF 7873||3||Physics Imaging Instrumentation – MFF / 3 credits|
|MFF 7874||3||Nondestructive Test – MFF / 3 credits|
|Theoritical and Computational Physics||MFF 7024||3||Special Topic on Stochastic Process for Physicists|
|MFF 7111||3||Special Topics on Particle and Field Physics|
|MFF 7971||3||Special Topics on Astrophysics|
|MFF 7042||3||Special Topic on Relativity Theory|
|MFF 7023||3||Special Topic on Functional Analysis for Physics|
|MFF 7025||3||Special Topics on Differential Topology and Geometry for Physicists|
|MFF 7027||3||Stochastic Computational Physics|
|MFF 7026||3||Computational Physics|
|Functional Material Physics||MFF 7600||3||Compressed Substance Physics|
|MFF 7750||3||Electromagnetic Materials|
|MFF 7810||3||Special Topics on Sensor Systems|
|MFF 7811||3||Special Topics on Material Physics|
|MFF 7813||3||Special Topics on Computational Materials Physics|
|MFF 7070||3||Special Topic on Instrumentation Physics|
|MFF 7814||3||Functional Materials|
|Geophysics||MFF 7930||3||Digital Signal Analysis|
|MFF 7931||3||Deformation and Gravity|
|MFF 7932||3||Special Topic on Geodynamics|
|MFF 7933||3||Special Topic on Inversion Method|
|MFF 7911||3||Advanced Quantitative Seismology|
|MFF 7912||3||Special Topic on Seismology|
|MFF 7913||3||Seismic Hazard Analysis|
|MFF 7934||3||Special Topics on Rock Physics|
|MFF 7914||3||Microseismic Analysis|
|MFF 7915||3||Computational Seismology|
|MFF 1935||3||Advanced Volcanic Physics|
|MFF 7400||3||Special Topic on Electromagnetism|
|MFF 7916||3||Special Geothermal Topics|
|MFF 7917||3||Special Topic on Geoelectric Methods|
|MFF 7918||3||Special Topic on Geology|
|MFF 7001||3||Special Topic on Geography|
|MFF 7936||3||Finite Element for Geophysics|
The lecture and exams methodology for the subjects that must be taken by each student are casuistic in nature and the systematics depends on each lecturers. In each courses, the lecturers must perform interactions with students that is equivalent to 14 meetings for each semester. Lecturers of compulsary courses must hand in the result of courses taken by students and submit them to the Academic department of study program at the end of each semester.
The dissertation assessment components will include seminars, final project research, paper writing and dissertation exams, each of which is arranged in more detail through an assessment rubric.
The S3-Physics Program of the Department of Physics FMIPA UGM is designed to be completed within three years with a minimum credits of at least 46 credits.
Compulsary course: 3 credits (Research Methodology)
Compulsary course: 3 credits (Review Artikel Jurnal)
Elective course: 3 credits
Elective course: 9 credits
Monitoring I: 2 credits
Comprehensive Exam: 4 credits
Monitoring II: 2 credits
Publication Monitoring: 3 credits
Monitoring III: 2 credits
Publication (10 credits)
Dissertation Manuscript: 6 credits
Dissertation Examination: 6 credits
Monitoring is conducted in semester II, III, and IV. Monitoring is very critical for the students sinceeach monitoring will determine the continuation of the S3 program the student is undertaking.
For quality assurance, UGM Physics Study Program is audited annually by the UGM Quality Assurance Office through the Internal Quality Audit (AMI) and every 5 years is accredited by the National Accreditation Board for Higher Education (BAN-PT). Until March of 2021, UGM S3-Physics Study Program have always been awarded an Excellent grade or A-grade.
III ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND TUITION FEE
Admission requirements for students and tuition fee follow the regulations of the faculty.